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Rugs Procese

 
01-31-2011  |  By: ESP |  (0) Post comment »  |  Read comments »
 
Rugs Procese
Weaving a pile rug is one of the most time consuming tasks one can imagine. The time it takes depends on the quality and the size and the materials, but the process can take from months to years of work to finish.

To start, rugmakers use thick, strong wool, silk, or cotton threads that are wrapped together into cables of varying thickness. A number of these are strung between two frames, to create the starting based. Then, loose-piled knots of the material (lets say wool, here) are tied around sequential sets of these bases to form the rug. Which dyed wools ones uses forms the basis of the pattern. As more and more rows get added, the knots eventually become the pile of the rug, and are tickly packed down and secured to the rows.

Weaves vary in fineness, and also in the quality of the materials and the expertise of the rugmakers. The knot count per square inch can vary from just sixteen to more than five hundred. When the rug is finally complete, the ends left dangling are used to create fringes, which can be braided, tasseled, or woven together, a la Carpet, the magic carpet in Aladdin. And just like that, you have a new antique rug.

Most carpetmaking follows this basic format. Most rugmakers use looms, which also vary in size and strength and quality. The loom is necessary to string the rows across and create the right tension to be able to actually do the weaving and tying of the knots. Horizontal looms are simple, and can just be staked inot the ground. Its more transportable and easily made, but horizontal looms tend not to be able to make huge rugs. Vertical looms, on the other hand, are much more comfortable to operate, but are huge and non-movable. These are more for city weavers and industrial production, and they do not limit the size of rug you can make.
 

Rugs from Istanbul

 
01-30-2011  |  By: ESP |  (0) Post comment »  |  Read comments »
 
Rugs from Istanbul

Many Turkish rugs come from Istanbul, the largest city in Turkey and the fifth biggest city in the world, population 13.2 million. It is the economic and cultural epicenter of the country, and has in the past been called Byzantium and Constantinople, as the capital of the Byzantine and Roman empires.

Because of its colorful history, Istanbul is a rich place for the arts, as well as rugs and carpets. That is, including rugs and carpets. Istanbul Modern, an art museum, features exhibitions of famous Turksih and foreign artists, and other museums have hosted various exhibitions of some of the worlds most famous artists. Fairs and festivals are common, and new events are added every year.

The city also boasts lots of festivals, concerts, and events, especially outdoors during the summer. The streets teem with jazz and opera, and the nightlife is rated among Europes best. Alcohol is served as creation, not just a means to an end, and the culinary secrets of those bustling streets are deep. The culture is an interesting mix of east and west, of old and new, of ancient tradition and cutting-edge innovation. Students snap shots with their iPhones as old imams cross the stress. Women can be seen in everything from hot nightlife clothes to nuns outfits to full burka. There is a fascinating clash of conservative and liberal, orthodox and progressive. The permutations that can be observed in every facet of life here are endless.

Truly, it is a glamorous home for the creation of art, and many of not only the antique rugs, but also the new rugs coming out of Istanbul are exquisite. The incorporation of styles from China and Iran, the Middle East and the Stans, leads to some of the most conceptually complex and visually stunning work in the medium.

 

Persian Rugs

 
01-29-2011  |  By: ESP |  (0) Post comment »  |  Read comments »
 

To anyone with a small working knowledge of antique rugs, the idea of a pile rug is closely linked with the cultures of what used to be called the Orient, Persia and Turkey in particular. Floor coverings that were flat-woven, wither tapestries or plain-woven, were in fact ubiquitous in their time. What is now called the Middle East certainly may be have been the epicenter of creation of these rugs (patterns of the Persian Rugs in particular) but it was by no means an exclusively Middle Eastern art.

These old rugs in themselves were likely adaptations and improvements upon old animal skins and furs, for keeping dwellings warm and moisture absorption. The entrance to a home may once have been graced with a sheepskin- but between 1,000 and 500 BCE, these slowly became replaced with woven textiles. Shearing animals and weaving rugs out of the material made it possible to harvest the wool yar after year, instead of killing and skinning the animal and basically wasting the resource.

Its ironic that the intricate artistry of these creations was almost secondary. Once dyes become more widespread, development of patterns using different colors emerged. Variation in density, texture, pattern, and quality emerged. 

 

 

Persian Rug Categories

 
01-24-2011  |  By: Erica |  (0) Post comment »  |  Read comments »
 
Persian Rug Categories

 Although infinitely varied and often shifting, Persian rugs are traditionally categorized into three main groupings:
1) Farsh or Qlii, which is anything that is larger than six by four feet
2) Qlicheh, which means literally rug, which is anything smaller than that, and
3) Gelim, nomadic carpets, which tend to be rougher and differ in style.
From there, further breakdowns can be made by geography, style, and technique. Further subdivisions can be made by patterns, images, and colors used, and what purpose a rug is meant to fulfill, and what material was used to produce it. (these materials range from the softest silk to the roughest woolen materials.)

The major places where these rugs have been produced over the course of history are scattered throughout Iran, where 3/4ths of the worlds rugs are made. Major classical places of carpet creation in ancient Persia were in Kashan, Tabriz, and Heart, and Kerman. Tabriz rugs are known for their quartered corner medallions, which are usually reated over a field of scrolling vines, and sometimes interspersed with animals, or animals fighting.  Kashan is known for its creation of silken products, and generally ones featuring animal hunts. Heart rugs are the most numerous in more Western collections, with a lot of red background and more scrolling vines, with lots of palm patterns in green or blue.

Modern-day carpet production, while often machine-drivne, is still inspired by the ancient patterns and traditions first laid out in the Persian empire. Persian rugs tend to use a single looping knot, repeated over and over, which is different from how many other places weave carpets.

More sensitive categories of Persian rugs, over forty of them, have been defined based on locality, weave, colors, designs, and period. It is an incredibly complex system, but rich with culture and the history of technology.
 

 

Oriental Rugs in the Age of Obama

 
01-21-2011  |  By: Erica |  (0) Post comment »  |  Read comments »
 
Oriental Rugs in the Age of Obama
    This week has been marked by intensive negotiations between President Barack Obama and Hu Jintao, the President of the Peoples Republic of China. Obama has made several statements declaring that human rights are a fundamental American ideal, that they are core views and non-negotiable. Hu admitted that the Chinese government has a long way to go but is making progress in the human rights department.
    Obama also explained that he and his administration (and the American people) are pretty well pleased with a 45$ billion new export sale for the United States. Certain important business negotiations were cemented during this meeting of the worlds two biggest economies. Obama has explained in press releases that these deals with help produce more than 200,000 jobs in the U.S.
    What better way to celebrate this union of two great (and very different nations) than with an oriental rug? Although the term oriental is outdated to describe Chinese people and Chinese things, it definitely describes a certain aesthetic of East Asian, old rugs that goes well with this new era of west-east union.
    So if youre looking for something thats ahead of the curve, going to be popular soon, pick an old school chinese rug for your living room.
 

Antique Rugs for Winter

 
01-18-2011  |  By: ESP |  (0) Post comment »  |  Read comments »
 
Antique Rugs for Winter
Although those of us who live in Southern California may not feel it, winter is upon us. Mid January in most places is frigid and all white and gray. The sky becomes a heavy cloud, building get obscured in the fog and sleet and snow. The ground is slushy and icy, trees become dendritic branchings of ice and condensation. Droplets of water hover on window panes. People's cheeks get red and cold, noses freeze, gloves come out. At noon the sun is still low in the sky, the light is always slanted and weak and golden.

So even though the SoCal experience may not be as vivid, there is still a lot of inspiration for decoration to be derived from the idea of winter, cold, and seasons changing. If you're thinking of buying a new antique rug this season, you might want to go with a winter theme- something warm and relatively soft, with rich red and gold patterning, or deep forest green. A more modern look might include a white shag rug in front of the fireplace, or something with geometric patterns that echo snowflakes.

And winter doesn't necessarily need to mean depressing. Winter has it's own particular beautiful quality that is under appreciated and underutilized in decorating. Pure whites and off-whites can be very fetching, especially in conjunction with cold glass or silver. Dark forest greens are one of the most naturalistic colors on the palette, and the gentle sparkling and shining that is so characteristic of natural snowfall can be replicated around a living room. Winter is also the season for detailed workings on accessories- baroque and rococo is very January, and this can be incorporated in Persian rug selection.

So if you want an original look that few are sporting, try out a nice winter solstice, moonglow snowlight look.
 

Romantic Rugs

 
01-15-2011  |  By: Erica |  (0) Post comment »  |  Read comments »
 
Romantic Rugs
There are different styles of rug for different kinds of rooms and different types of people. Everyone's tastes vary. Some people will do for a classical Persian rug every single time. Minimalsts only want smart, modern geometric designs. Artsy folks might go for a bold color, and classicists might want a good classic look. Other people simply want a nice beige or brown rug, nothing fancy. On the other extreme, I have a friend who only buys carpets that look like Jackson Pollock paintings. I think they make the room look cluttered, but of course he never listens to me.

But what about the romantics among us?

Any romantic worth his salt is going to want a super soft rug in front of the fireplace- something that one can walk over, barefoot, to get that wonderful fuzzy sensation, or sprawl out on to snuggle up with a blanket. A new rug that will allure the sense of touch, making you run your fingers over it again and again. Something that will catch the candlelight, soften the room, make hearts flutter. It may seem like a silly idea, but an incredibly soft floor cover can completely change the dynamics of a room, and of a rendezvous. Guests who come over and find comfortable seating on the floor will be disarmed, lower their barriers, feel more at home.

There are plenty of carpets that match that description! Plus, soft carpets are always a win with small children, who, spending more time closer to the gorund and gamboling around in general, appreciate a soft surface on which to do so. And their little heads will thank you, too, because when an inevitable trip and fall occur, the soft cushioning of the living room Romantic rug will soften the blow.

 

The Evolution of Rugs

 
01-13-2011  |  By: Erica |  (0) Post comment »  |  Read comments »
 
The Evolution of Rugs

    Rugs and carpets date back almost further than does history itself. Our primate ancestors had been using materials to bring warmth to the hearth and home for generations before the idea of history came to be. Ostensibly, the original rugs were simple skins and woven reeds, and non-decorative. But the idea of decoration and art also came into existence before recorded history did, and suddenly these items had both utility and aesthetic value.

 And once agriculture was invented, materials could be harvested to create floor rugs made of textiles. Suddenly, aesthetic characteristics became much more variable, and more creativity could emerge. Weave patterns were developed, blending of materials became common practice. Around this time, pigmentation came onto the scene. It is generally thought that red was one of the first pigments to be available to early settlements, and perhaps ochre (deep yellow).

As purples and, most advanced, blues became possible, what we now consider antique rugs became incredibly varied, sought after pieces of art instead of just furnishings. As civilizations become more complex and production and commerce and trade began to emerge, these items became hot commodities almost instantly.  As time went forward, technique advanced. Geometric patterns turned to lush scenes, curves and twists became more intricate, stories were told. Persian rugs, especially, emerged as the top-of-the-line, but rugs were honored in all the major empires and civilizations throughout history.

In fact, antique rugs are one of the oldest forms of creation, along with body decoration and cave paintings. Having an antique rug in your home can bring a glorious sense of history to your home. You are placing an item in your home that is the result of thousands of years of evolution, imbued with tradition, but that are still essentially the same as their earliest form. Not many items in your home can say that.  
    
 

Antique Rugs in Ancient Egypt

 
01-10-2011  |  By: Erica |  (0) Post comment »  |  Read comments »
 
Antique Rugs in Ancient Egypt
Antique rugs have been priceless commodities since ancient times, serving as a measurement of wealth and influence. Monarchs and great conquerors' plunder included the artful rugs of other cultures, especially in Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Northern Africa, and Asia.

Cleopatra herself, the last Queen of Egypt arrived back in her home city in a rolled up Persian rug, after having been exiled by her scheming brother Ptolemy. In a scene that has been rehashed countless times in popular culture, the sultry, charismatic, highly intelligent princess unfurled herself before Julius Caesar to plead her case. Capturing his imagination and appealing to his common sense, Cleopatra convinced the Roman ruler to aid her in her quest to reestablish herself on the throne of the richest kingdom in the Mediterranean. The quest was achieved, and she became both a political powerhouse and a cult icon in her time across Europe and Asia.

By the end of her rule, which we will discuss later, Cleopatra is estimated to have been worth at least 95.8 billion dollars. Fabulously wealthy and completely unafraid to show it, she was the owner of countless pieces of priceless artwork: gold statues, rich textiles, precious marbles, lush paintings, and of course, well-woven rugs. It is said that her procession up the Nile was accompanied by wafts of incense, ships glinting with tortoiseshell, and the sound of strumming lyres. She hardly walking anywhere without having her path paved with expensive old rugs or carpets. She ushered in a new era of high fashion in textiles and cloths, bringing color to the previously greyscale world of the Romans.

However, the story of one of the richest women on Earth does not end well for her. Her skillful negotiating and cutthroat scheming come back to bite her, ending in tragic and spectacular catastrophe.